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Country Reports


Brazil

Some Facts Brazil | Useful links

Some Facts Brazil

Country name

Federative Republic of Brazil

Government type

Federal republic

Administrative divisions

26 states and 1 federal district; Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal (federal district), Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins

Capital

Brasilia

Largest city

Sao Paulo

Independence Day

7 September 1822 (from Portugal)

National holiday

Independence Day, 7 September (1822)

Area

8.55 million sq km (3.3 million sq miles)

Location

Eastern South America. Bordering the Atlantic Ocean

Land Borders

Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana,  Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela. The largest country in South America (common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador).

Coastline

7,491 km

Population

209,567,920 (UN, 2016)

Nationality

Brazilian(s)

Languages

Portuguese

Composition of population

Black, white and mixed black/white people, also Japanese, Arab, Amerindian.

Major religion

Christianity

Highest peak

Pico da Neblina 3,014 m

Climate

Mostly tropical climate, and temperate climate in south

Time zone

UTC/GMT-3

Currency

1 real (BRL) = 100 centavos

Telephone

+55

Internet domain

.br

GDP per capita

US$ 8,667.8 (World Bank, 2015)

Natural resources

Bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, forests;  timber

Agriculture products:

Coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef , poultry

Industries

Automobiles, aircraft, electricity, steel, petrochemicals, IT products, manufactured goods, iron ore, coffee, oranges, agricultural production

 

Updated June 2017