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Country Reports


Bhutan

Some Facts Bhutan | Useful links

Some Facts Bhutan

Country name

Kingdom of Bhutan

Government type

In transition to Constitutional Monarchy; special treaty relationship with India

Capital and largest city

Thimphu

Administrative divisions

20 districts; Bumthang, Chhukha, Chirang, Daga, Gasa, Geylegphug, Ha, Lhuntshi, Mongar, Paro, Pemagatsel, Punakha, Samchi, Samdrup Jongkhar, Shemgang, Tashigang, Tashi Yangtse, Thimphu, Tongsa, Wangdi Phodrang

Independence

In 1907 (Bhutan became a unified kingdom under its first hereditary king)

National holiday

17 December (1907) National Day (Ugyen Wangchuck became first hereditary king)

Area

38,364 sq km (14,812 sq miles)

Location

Southern Asia, between India and China

Land Borders

India and China

Coastline

0 (landlocked)

Population

784,103 (UN, 2016)

Nationality

Bhutanese (singularis and pluralis)

Major language

Dzongkha (official)

Ethicity

Bhote, ethnic Nepalese; incl. Lhotsampas; and migrant tribes

Major religions

Buddhism (official), Hinduism

Highest peak

Kula Kangri 7,553 m

Climate

Variable climate. In central valleys; cool winters and hot summers; in southern plains; tropical; in Himalaya; severe winters and cool summers

Time zone

UTC/GMT+6

Currency

1 ngultrum (BTN) = 100 chetrum

Telephone

+975

Internet domain

.bt

GDP per capita

US$ 2,656.0 (World Bank, 2015)

Natural resources

Hydropower, timber, gypsum, calcium carbonate

Agriculture products

Dairy products, eggs, rice, corn, root crops, citrus

Industries

Tourism, electricity, timber, cement, agricultural products, processed fruits, beverages (alcoholic), handicrafts, calcium carbide

 

Updated June 2017